Framework:Javascript Data GridAngular Data GridReact Data GridVue Data Grid

React Data Grid: Sparklines - Bar Customisation

This section shows how Bar Sparklines can be customised by overriding the default bar options.

The following Bar Sparkline Options can be used to customise Bar Sparklines:

Also see Additional Customisations for more advanced customisations that are common across all sparklines.

The snippet below shows option overrides for the Bar Sparkline:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    // Optional customisation properties
    fill: '#5470c6',
    stroke: '#91cc75',
    highlightStyle: {
        fill: '#fac858'
    },
    valueAxisDomain: [0, 1]
},

In the snippet above, the valueAxisDomain property is optional.

valueAxisDomain is used to specify the interval within which the data values lie. These boundaries are used to create a scale which will be used to map data values from 0px to the size of the sparkline.

If the valueAxisDomain property is ommitted, the domain will be set to the minmum and maximum values in the provided data, hence it could be different for different sparklines in the grid depending on the provided data.

The following example demonstrates the results of the Bar Sparkline options above:

  • Note that valueAxisDomain has been set to [0, 1], indicating that the supplied data across all sparklines will contain values from 0 to 1. This allows easy comparisons across the different sparklines in the grid column as all sparklines will have the same domain.

Bar Fill Options

To apply a custom color to the bars, set the fill property in sparklineOptions as shown:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    fill: '#91cc75', // sets the bar fill
}
Bar fill default
Default
Bar fill customisation
Custom fill

It is possible to set the fill for the highlighted state of the bar by adding fill in highlightStyle options as follows:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    highlightStyle: {
        fill: 'orange', // sets the highlighted bar fill
    }
}
Highlighted Bar fill default
Default highlighted fill
Highlighted Bar fill customisation
Custom highlighted fill

The given fill string can be in one of the following formats:

  • #rgb - Short Hex Code
  • #rrggbb - Hex Code
  • rgb(r, g, b) - RGB
  • rgba(r, g, b, a) - RGB with an alpha channel
  • CSS color keyword - such as aqua, orange, etc.

Bar Stroke Options

By default, the strokeWidth of each bar is 0, so no outline is visible around the bars.

To add a stroke, modify the strokeWidth and stroke properties as shown below.

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    stroke: '#ec7c7d', // sets the bar stroke
    strokeWidth: 2, // sets the bar stroke width
    highlightStyle: {
        stroke: '#b5ec7c', // sets the highlighted bar stroke
        strokeWidth: 2, // sets the highlighted bar stroke width
    }
}
  • In the snippet above, we have configured the bar stroke to be 2px in the un-highlighted state, and 2px in the highlighted state.
  • Note that the stroke property is also different depending on the highlighted state of the bar.

Here is the result of the configuration shown in the above snippet.

Stroke default
Default
Stroke customisation
Custom stroke
Stroke customisation for highlighted state
Custom highlighted stroke

If strokeWidth is set to a value greater than 1, it is recommended to set the axis line strokeWidth to the same value in order to preserve the alignment of the bars with the axis line.

Bar Padding Options

The spacing between bars is adjustable via the paddingInner property. This property takes values between 0 and 1.

It is a proportion of the “step”, which is the interval between the start of a band and the start of the next band.

Here's an example.

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    paddingInner: 0.5, // sets the padding between bars.
}
Bar padding default
Default
PaddingInner customisation
Custom paddingInner

The padding on the outer edges of the first and last bars can also be adjusted. As with paddingInner, this value can be between 0 and 1.

If the value of paddingOuter is increased, the axis line will stick out more at both ends of the sparkline.

Here's a snippet where the paddingOuter is set to 0.

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    paddingOuter: 0, // sets the padding on the outer edge of the first and last bars.
}

In this case there will be no gap on either end of the sparkline, i.e. between the axis line start and the first bar and the axis line end and the last bar. This is demonstrated below in the middle sparkline.

bar padding default
Default
PaddingOuter customisation
No paddingOuter
PaddingOuter customisation
Increased paddingOuter

Bar Label Options

To enable bar labels, set the enabled property in label options as shown:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    label: {
        enabled: true // show bar labels
    }
}
Bar default
Default
Bar labels enabled
Label enabled

It is possible to change the text value displayed as the label of individual bars by adding a formatter callback function to label options as follows:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    label: {
        enabled: true,
        formatter: labelFormatter
    }
}

function labelFormatter({ value }) {
    return `${value}%`
}
Bar default
Default
Bar label text customisation
Custom label text

To customise the label text style, set the style attributes in label options as follows:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    label: {
        enabled: true,
        fontWeight: 'bold',
        fontStyle: 'italic',
        fontSize: 9,
        fontFamily: 'Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif',
        color: 'black',
    }
}
Bar default
Default
Bar label text style customisation
Custom label text styles

The position of the labels can be specified by setting the placement property in label options. By default, the labels are positioned at the end of the bars on the inside, i.e. placement is set to insideEnd. The snippet below shows how the positioning of the label can be modified:

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    label: {
        enabled: true,
        placement: 'center', // positions the labels in the center of the bars
    }
}

Label placement options include insideBase, center, insideEnd and outsideEnd. These are shown in the screenshots below.

Bar label insideBase placement
insideBase
Bar label center placement
center
Bar label insideEnd placement
insideEnd
Bar label placement default
outsideEnd

When configuring labels with placement:outsideEnd, it is recommended to add some padding to the sparkline using the padding options in order to prevent the labels from being clipped.

Axis Line Options

By default, an axis line is displayed which can be modified using the axis options.

Here is a snippet to demonstrate axis formatting.

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    axis: {
        stroke: '#7cecb3', // sets the axis line stroke
        strokeWidth: 3, // sets the axis line strokeWidth
    },
}
Axis line default
Default axis line
Axis line customisation
Custom axis line

It's possible to remove the axis line entirely by setting the axis strokeWidth to 0.

Sparkline Padding Options

To add extra space around the sparklines, custom padding options can be applied in the following way.

sparklineOptions: {
    type: 'bar',
    // sets the padding around the sparklines
    padding: {
        top: 10,
        right: 5,
        bottom: 10,
        left: 5
    },
}
  • The top, right, bottom and left properties are all optional and can be modified independently.
Padding customisation
Default padding
Padding customisation
Custom padding

Building Progress Bars

A progress bar can be used to visualise and compare values across multiple sparklines in the grid. It can illustrate values which have a fixed domain such as percentages and scores.

The following example shows how to build progress bars using bar sparklines. Note that:

  • In order to display a progress bar in a sparkline, the data array should only contain a single value, more values in the data array will produce additional bars in the same sparkline.
  • valueAxisDomain has been set to [0, 100], indicating that the supplied data across all sparklines will contain values from 0 to 100.
  • This allows easy comparisons of percentages across the different sparklines in the grid column as all sparklines will have the same domain.
  • The formatter callback function is used to dynamically set the fill color of each progress bar to different color values based on the data yValue .
  • Percentage Y values are displayed on the inside end of each bar by configuring label options.
  • The axis line and padding are removed to allow more space in each cell for the progress bar.

Additional Customisations

More advanced customisations are discussed separately in the following sections:

  • Axis - configure the axis type via axis options.
  • Tooltips - configure tooltips using tooltip options.
  • Points of Interest - configure individual points of interest using a formatter.

Interfaces

BarSparklineOptions

SparklineAxisOptions

SparklineLabelOptions

Next Up

Continue to the next section to learn about: Column Sparkline Customisation.