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JavaScript Data Grid: Row Grouping - Multiple Group Columns

This section covers the Multiple Group Columns display type, where a group column is automatically added by the grid for each row group.

Multiple Group Columns

Enabling Multiple Group Columns

To display each row group under a separate group column set groupDisplayType = 'multipleColumns' as shown below:

const gridOptions = {
    columnDefs: [
        { field: 'country', rowGroup: true, hide: true },
        { field: 'year', rowGroup: true, hide: true },
        { field: 'athlete' },
        { field: 'sport' },
        { field: 'total' }

    // display each row grouping in a separate group column
    groupDisplayType: 'multipleColumns',

    // other grid options ...

In the snippet above, rows will be grouped by country and year as both column definitions have rowGroup=true declared, and a group column displayed for each column that we are grouping by.

This is demonstrated in the following example, note the following:

  • There are two active row groups as the supplied country and year column definitions have rowGroup=true declared.
  • Separate group columns are displayed for country and year as groupDisplayType = 'multipleColumns'.
  • The country and year columns are not shown in the grid as hide=true is set on their column definitions.

Group Column Configuration

The Multiple Group Columns display type adds an Auto Group Column for each row group to the grid. To change the default configurations of these group columns, use the autoGroupColumnDef grid option as shown below:

const gridOptions = {
    autoGroupColumnDef: {
        headerValueGetter: params => `${params.colDef.headerName} Group Column`,
        minWidth: 220,
        cellRendererParams: {
            suppressCount: true,
            checkbox: true,

    // other grid options ...

Note how in the snippet above that the autoGroupColumnDef can be used to override any Column Property.

The Auto Group Columns use the Group Cell Renderer to render group cells, and are configured via the cellRendererParams property.

The following example demonstrates some of the available autoGroupColumnDef configurations. Note that:

  • The group column names are changed using the headerValueGetter to add 'Group Column' after each column name.
  • The min width of the group column is changed via minWidth = 220.
  • The count of each row group is removed by setting cellRendererParams.suppressCount = true.
  • Checkboxes are displayed beside each row group by setting cellRendererParams.checkbox = true.

Showing Open Groups

Setting the grid property showOpenedGroup=true will show the name of the opened group inside the group column. This is useful when the user scrolls down through the children of the group, and the row showing what group was opened is scrolled out of view.

The following example uses showOpenedGroup=true with many group columns. The open groups are shown across all group columns where the group is open for that column.

Hide Open Parents

Depending on your preference, you may wish to hide parent rows when they are open. This gives the impression to the user that the children takes the place of the parent row. This feature only makes sense when groups are in different columns. To turn this feature on set groupHideOpenParents=true.

Below shows examples of this. Notice that each group row has aggregated values which are explained in a documentation page of their own. When the group is closed, the group row shows the aggregated result. When the group is open, the group row is removed and in its place the child rows are displayed. To allow closing the group again, the group column knows to display the parent group in the group column only (so you can click on the icon to close the group).

The example below demonstrates hiding open parents using auto group columns. To help demonstrate, the grid is configured to shade the rows different colors for the different group levels, so when you open a group, you can see the background change indicating that the group row is no longer display, instead the children are in it's place.

Filter is achieved for each column by providing a filterValueGetter for the autoGroupColumnDef. The filterValueGetter returns the value of the grouped column - eg for Country, it will filter on Country.

Next Up

Continue to the next section to learn about the Group Rows display type.